Aplastic Anemia is one of the rare blood disorders that bring a number of infections to the body. Aplastic anemia is considered very dangerous since once infected with this disease, a person may lose his life also. A person when diagnosed with this disorder, the chances of getting body infections increase as the immune system of the body weakens due to Aplastic anemia and is not capable enough to fight against the infections.
The aplastic anemia is typically associated with bone marrow infections and defects. A bone marrow is a red spongy mass of tissue inside the bone and is a production centre for white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. When a person is suffering from aplastic anemia he has to suffer from continuous bleeding and so bone marrow has to make great efforts in producing the blood cells to compensate the lost cells due to bleeding.
When the bone marrow is unable to produce sufficient blood cells including the white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets, the body loses its immunity and the patient is more prone to infections resulting in so many diseases. If not diagnosed earlier or being avoided by the patient he may lose his life due to extreme bleeding or due to increased infections. Although aplastic anemia is not contagious; and can affect the patient of any age group.
Aplastic anaemia symptoms:
The most common symptom a person may encounter while suffering from this blood disease is the un-explained infection of the body followed by severe bleeding. In the earlier stage of aplastic anemia, the patient may suffer from restlessness and fatigue. The body becomes prone to infections since the white blood cells become unable to fight against them and the body becomes weaker and weaker. Sometimes the extent of bleeding increases and the body cannot clot the bleeding automatically.
Aplastic anemia symptoms can also be found in case of internal bleeding and the body suffers from extreme fatigue due to absence of fresh blood in the body.
Causes of aplastic anemia:
There can be many causes of this dreadful blood disease. Some of which may include environmental conditions, exposure to radiations, insecticides, environmental toxins and some drugs.
The other factors that contribute to aplastic anemia are airplane glue, Benzene-based compounds and drugs such as chloramphenicol. Sometimes it is also caused due to viruses.
Treatment of aplastic anemia:
If a patient can be found with all the above mentioned aplastic anemia symptoms he should undergo certain tests to count for the blood cells that include white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets counts. If the blood cells counts are found lower than the normal counts, the person is diagnosed anemic and so then a proper treatment is performed for it. Along with that bone marrow test is also performed to diagnose the aplastic anemia.
An immediate medical attention is surely needed once the patient is diagnosed with the same. One and only solution to blood diseases is blood transfusions of the patient, where the infected blood cells are being replaced into a fresh blood in the body, supplemented with antibiotics to fight against infections. During the entire aplastic anemia treatment, the patient is kept in isolation so that the body should not receive any foreign particles which may increase the risk of infections since the body is too weak to fight for it. Along with that in severe cases, bone marrow transplant is also performed if a suitable donor is found.