Traveling to places that have been hit by war (World War I, World War II, Vietnam war etc.) in the past would expose an individual to wartime memories that are passed down from one generation to another. One will be forced to listen to actual stories of evacuation from urban areas to far flung places while enemy infantrymen took over the commercial districts. The most chilling of all is that these “tall tales” actually took place.
Civilians exposed to war and all the complications of conflict have experienced taking cover in provisional shelters built below ground so that the fragments from air strikes overhead would not harm them. From these improvised bunkers, they listened to the sounds of bombs being dropped and hoped that the blasts wouldn’t get through to their fragile underground temporary shelters. It goes without saying that the majority of these crude bunkers were shoddily made, usually comprising mattresses placed on the walls to cushion against the reverberation caused by bomb attacks in nearby locations.
In this period of peace, the theory of constructing a bunker, trench or an air raid shelter has become outdated in most areas, but survivalism experts still advocate learning the fundamentals of building air raid shelters or safe rooms.
A safe room is also known as a panic room. This is the urban equivalent of a below ground bomb shelter, as underground systems meant for cover purposes are not usually seen in a lively city area. A safe room is generally fortified with thicker walls that can withstand shock from bombs. The walls are made of concrete or steel. The ideas of constructing this type of temporary housing are applied in the production of underground vaults in large banks.
Individuals can hide in these structures when there is a disaster or when war break out. The main thing that kills people when there is a bomb attack is not the bomb itself but the flying glass rubble and concrete particles from buildings hit by bomb. In this room, individuals need not worry about getting hit by glass shards and shrapnel.
A safe room is also built in a private home to serve as a safe hiding place for the family members in case of a break-in or some other dangers. Other equipment in this room are communications equipment for contacting law enforcement, some beddings to give warmth just in case the electricity is cut off, a source of clean water, a rest room and a complete medicine kit.
Basements can double as bomb shelters in case a disaster hits a major metropolis. The normal basement is not good enough for shielding the inhabitants by reason of the vulnerabilities of thin walls and lack of air flow. More often than not, a serious threat like fire or an volcanic activity will turn a normal basement into a dangerous trap instead of a safe place where individuals can stay while the emergency blows over. Building engineers may want to look into fortification solutions and allocate enough budget for building basements with thicker partitions and air vents even in ordinary city houses.
The writer of this article teaches about bomb shelters, calamity survival, physical training and do-it-yourself firearms. Find out more about this author and his take on weapons and combat by browsing the survival guide website.