Sleep apnea can be a rather typical condition that could have critical complications. The disorder is more widespread in men, as it affects 1 out each and every 25 middle-aged men and 1 woman out of 50. The condition is characterized by recurrent, prolonged episodes of cessation of breathing that happen throughout sleep. These episodes generally last for about 10 seconds plus a typical sleep apnea sufferer could experience as much as 20 to 30 of these episodes per hour. The causes of this condition are many. Here are the primary Sleep Apnea Causes:
People that are obese or overweight have an elevated danger of suffering from sleep apnea. In reality, numerous studies show that about 70% of obese folks suffer from this disorder. This happens simply because excess body fat, especially on the neck and chest, might constrict the lungs as well as the airway passages. For this reason, weight reduction can trigger a comparable reduction within the severity of the symptoms of this sleeping disorder and can also boost renal function and hypertension. Medical studies have demonstrated that losing as small as 10 percent of your weight can enable you to minimize the severity of sleep apnea by more than 50 percent.
Excessive sitting or standing
A recent study found that sitting or standing for numerous hours during the day could cause a fluid shift within the legs, which might play a role in the development of this sleeping disorder. According to Dr. T. Douglas Bradley, professor of medicine in the University of Toronto, when people get to sleep, the fluid that has been retained inside the legs shifts to the upper body and may possibly trigger upper airway constriction. This discovery could clarify why a substantial percentage of people with obstructive sleep apnea aren’t obese. This means that a sedentary life style is a major threat factor of sleep apnea and physical exercise can support to reduce the symptoms of this disorder, even when it doesn’t result in weight loss.
The anatomical structure of the head and neck could result in a little airway size. Actually, a neck circumference greater than 17 inches can improve the threat of suffering from this condition. Moreover, getting a deviated septum, which causes 1 nostril to be narrower than the other, may also result in breathing problems. This condition may be triggered by a birth defect or an injury towards the nose. Naturally big or inflamed tonsils may also be a sleep apnea trigger.
Acid Reflux and GERD
GERD is another achievable trigger of sleep apnea. In GERD, the stomach acids that reach the esophagus can trigger scarring and tissue damage inside the throat, which could result in obstructions that result in sleep apnea.
Life style factors
Habitual smokers are far more likely to suffer from sleep apnea compared to non-smokers. Furthermore, the excessive consumption of alcohol can lead to the over-relaxation of the breathing muscles causing loud snoring.
Getting a family members history of sleep apnea increases your danger by up to 4 times compared towards the typical person.
It seems that the risk of developing this sleeping disorder, is tremendously increased following the age of 65.