Insomnia sleep disorder is characterized by difficulty in sleeping or staying asleep. People with insomnia are involved with one or more of the following symptoms like difficulty in falling asleep, waking up too early in the morning, feeling tired after waking up and waking often during the night and having problem in going back to sleep. There are two types of insomnia sleep disorder. Primary insomnia means that a person is having sleep problems that are not directly associated with any other health conditions and problems. Secondary insomnia means that a person is having sleep problems because of something else such as health conditions like asthma, depression, arthritis, cancer, heartburn, and pain, medication that they are taking or any substance like drugs.
Insomnia also varies in how long it lasts and how often it takes place. It can be short termed (acute insomnia) or long termed (chronic insomnia). It can also come and go. With the passage of time the person does not have sleeping problems any longer. Acute insomnia can last from one night to few weeks but chronic insomnia is called when a person has insomnia at least three nights a week of month or longer. Causes of acute insomnia can include life stress like job loss or change, death of loved one, divorce, or moving on; illness, emotional or physical discomfort, environmental factors like noise, light, hot or cold; interference in the sleeping schedule.
Causes of chronic insomnia include depression, anxiety, chronic stress, pain or discomfort at night. Symptoms of insomnia sleep disorder can include sleeping during the day, general tiredness, irritability and problems with concentration or memory. If you think you are suffering from insomnia sleep disorder then talk to your health care provider. An evaluation may include physical examination, medical history and a sleep history.
You may be asked to keep a sleep dairy or note book for few weeks to trace your sleeping patterns and how you feel during the whole day.
Your health care provider will also interview your bed partner about the quantity and quality of your sleep. Acute insomnia may not require any type of treatment. Mild insomnia can be prevented and cured by good sleeping habits. If your insomnia makes it hard for you to work during the day time because of your tiredness and lack of sleep, your health care provider may give you sleeping pills for a limited time period. Short term medications can help you to avoid effects such as drowsiness during the day. Avoid using more than usual sleeping pills for insomnia as they can have side effects and may lose their effectiveness over time. Treatment for chronic insomnia includes first treating any underlying conditions on health problems that are causing insomnia. If insomnia continues your health care provider must suggest you a behavioral therapy. This will help you to promote sleep. Techniques such as relaxation exercises sleep restriction therapy and reconditioning may be useful. Thus as they say that prevention is better than cure, one must take care of not allowing this condition in the first place.
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