One of the most sleeping disorders known to man is what we call sleep apnea. It is clearly described as the stopping of air flow at the mouth and nose for at least 10 seconds when you sleep at night. Ideally, the most affected age group in this kind of condition are those middle-aged adults and those elderly male who happen to have short neck that are likely hypertensive and have excess pounds on their body. But, this type of sleeping problem also happen in young adults as well, both female and male alike, older women and lean individuals. The best prevention is maintenance of an ideal body weight.
The disorder that is referred to as obstructive central or mixed is called the sleep apnea. The cessation of airflow at the level of the mouth and nose, even if the chest and abdominal movements are normal is referred to as the obstructive sleep apnea. In next type which is the central type, airflow stops at the nose and mouth, and there is no proof of functioning of respiratory muscles. Even though this condition may appear in otherwise general individuals, it is sometimes accompanied with narcolepsy and a various of central and peripheral nervous system disorders. One famous kind is the mixed type.
A small oropharyngeal opening may contribute to the airway obstruction. The airway may be narrowed by fat deposits along the pharyngeal wall of obese persons or by nasal obstruction caused by mucosal congestion, thickening, polyps, or a deviated septum. The narrowed airway increases airway resistance and enhances its tendency to collapse during sleep. Also predisposing the oropharynx to collapse during sleep is enlargement of the tonsils, adenoids, base of the tongue, uvula or soft tissue of the nasopahrynx. This type of sleep disorder is also evidenced on clients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD.
One of the symptoms of sleep apnea is the periodic waking up from sleep. The continuous asphyxia may cause the waking up or arousal to a lighter level of sleep. Fragmented sleep occurs, which prolongs the duration of apneic episodes and produces more severe ventilator impairment. Loud sound snoring with disturbed episodes as breathing ceases is apparent. Snoring is sometimes defined as loud and so disturbing to family comfort that the individual is transferred to a different room. Moreover, sleep that is associated by jerking and thrashing actions are also noticed.
Treatment of sleep apnea may include some weight loss programs, nevertheless, it is not that observable since it does not help sometimes. The patient will be advised to avoid alcohol and drugs that cause respiratory depression because they impair arousability. A tool used to avoid the impediment of airway is the plastic bite blocks because it helps the patient’s tongue remain forward. In addition to that, surgery may get rid of obstruction by tracheostomy or other procedures.. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure or CPAP through the nose utilizing ventilator during sleep has resulted in improvement of symptoms.
The prognosis of sleep apnea is good, especially for those with the mixed or obstructive type. If detected early, treatments can be instituted to prevent the more serious cardiovascular complications. That is why when your partner or someone in the family complains of symptoms of this kind of sleeping problem, you must be able to seek medical experts immediately.